6 tips to keep in mind the next time you are faced with any of the following situations.

Minor Burns

  • Treating first-degree burns or small second-degree.
  • Start by cooling the damaged skin by running it under cool water for at least 10 minutes. Steer clear of ice or very cold water.

Cuts and Scrapes

  • Use gentle pressure to stop the bleeding. If the bleeding hasn’t slowed after 20 to 30 minutes of pressure, seek additional medical attention.
  • Clean the scrape with water, but avoid getting soap in an open wound. Apply an antibiotic if you have one in the first aid kit and cover with a bandage.

Heat Exhaustion

  • Get out of the heat immediately if you can and lay down with feet and legs elevated. Replenish fluids and place a cool cloth on the forehead or back of the neck.
  • Make sure to monitor symptoms to ensure heat exhaustion doesn’t turn into heat stroke. Seek immediate medical attention if fainting, confusion, or high fever occurs.