A condition in which a person’s airways become inflamed, narrow and swell and produce extra mucus, which makes it difficult for them to breathe.

Asthma can be minor or it can interfere with daily activities. It could even lead to a life-threatening attack.
Asthma may cause difficulty breathing, chest pain, cough and wheezing. The symptoms may sometimes flare up. Generally Asthma can be managed with rescue inhalers to treat symptoms and controller inhalers that prevent symptoms. However severe cases may require longer-acting inhalers that keep the airways open, as well as oral steroids.
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How can I prevent asthma attacks?

You can do several things to help prevent your asthma symptoms getting worse or developing into an
asthma attack.

Know what triggers your asthma and try to avoid or reduce your exposure to these triggers

Take your medications as instructed by your doctor, even when you feel well. Follow your personal
written asthma action plan, developed with your doctor

Make sure you are using your inhaler (puffer) properly

Common asthma triggers

Colds, flu and other respiratory infections
Cigarette smoke
Allergy related triggers
Other triggers

There are a number of other triggers that
Many affect individuals at various times. These

Weather e.g. cold air, change in temperature, thunderstorms
Work-related triggers e.g. wood dust, chemicals, metal salts
Irritating substances breathed in the air, such as bushfire smoke
Certain medicines, e.g. aspirin, some blood
pressure drugs
Stress and high emotions, such as crying

Signs you are having an ASTHMA ATTACK

You have increasing wheezing, cough, chest tightness or shortness of breath
You are waking often at night with asthma symptoms
You need to use your reliever again within 3 hours


Your symptoms get worse very quickly
You have severe shortness of breath, can’t speak comfortably or lips look blue
You get little or no relief from your reliever inhaler

Call an ambulance immediately: Dial 000

More information

You can find more information on managing your asthma, including how to avoid asthma flare-ups when you are exposed to your triggers here. (

Watch this short clip on Asthma

Always keep a Stocked First Aid kit at home, at work and even in the car !

While First Aid knowledge is great for treating small injuries and incidents, don’t ever hesitate to seek additional help if the situation is bad or worsens.

Call your doctor, head to a hospital, or call 000.